Lord of the Rings is a fictional concept born of the mind of John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (1892-1973) who was a major scholar and Professor of the English language, specialising in Old and Middle English at Oxford University, Great Britain.
Tolkein's first published work to involve the characters of Middle Earth was The Hobbit (1937) it was almost twenty years later that The Lord of the Rings Trilogy was released (1954-1955). Since the books release the story has become a favorite read of young people all over the world. A few silver screen adaptations have happened over the years but all seemed to fail in visually displaying the vastness of Middle Earth. Then came the quite recent, Peter Jackson directed, version (split as the books into three movies) which will surely go down in history as the definitive film version of the story.
At the core of The Lord of the Rings are the cultures that make up Middle-earth: Hobbits, Dwarves, Humans, Elves, Wizards, Trolls, Ents, Orcs, Ringwraiths and Uruk-Hai.
The three books are: Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring, Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, Lord of the Rings Return of the King