Bon Jovi (formed 1983)
Bon Jovi are an American rock band fronted by Jon Bon Jovi and are famous for tracks such as 'Livin' on a Prayer', 'Always' and 'It's My Life'.
Bon Jovi: Formation
Bon Jovi began when Jon Bon Jovi met David Bryan and formed Atlantic City Expressway. While Jon was struggled to get signed with various demos, Bryan left the band to focus on his medical studies but was persuaded to re-join Jon at the prospect of a record contract after Jon recorded the track 'Runway' and aired it on a local radio station.
Bassist Alec John Such, drummer Tico Torres and lead guitarist Dave Sabo also joined the band - though, Sabo was soon replaced by Richie Sambora who was a lot more experienced.
The group were signed to Mercury Records after performing locally and their professional associates suggested they take on Jon's surname and be dubbed Bon Jovi in a similar fashion to Van Halen. They were originally going to be called Johnny Electric.
Bon Jovi: Musical career
Bon Jovi's self-titled debut album was released in 1984 and reached number 43 on the Billboard 200 album chart. The band went on to opening for bands such as Kiss.
Their second album '7800 Degrees Fahrenheit' came out in 1985 with a gold certification and they began a world tour.
In 1986, their next album 'Slippery When Wet' was released and reached number one after they hired songwriter Desmond Child and producer Bruce Fairbairn. They named the album following a visit to a strip club in Vancouver.
'Slippery When Wet''s singles 'You Give Love a Bad Name' and 'Livin' on a Prayer' also reached number one in the US singles chart and the album became the top selling in 1987. In that same year they grossed $28,400,000 on their 130 show tour.
Bon Jovi topped the charts again with their fourth album 'New Jersey' in 1988, this time in the UK as well as the US. They embarked on another huge worldwide tour with over 232 shows with their album even becoming the first from the US to be released legally in the USSR.
The tour left the band members exhausted and so a hiatus ensued with no suggestion of future album plans. Jon Bon Jovi then fired his manager and associates and created Bon Jovi Management in 1991.
The rest of the band soon reconciled and they released fifth album 'Keep the Faith' in 1992 and with it, a new, more 'mature' sound. Jon even cut his famous hair. Unsurprisingly, it reached number one and preceded another lengthy world tour.
They released greatest hits album 'Cross Roads' in 1994 featuring the song 'Always' which became their highest selling single. In that year, Alec John Such was fired and unofficially replaced by Hugh McDonald.
In 1995 they released sixth album, 'These Days' which reached number one in the UK, produced 4 UK top 10 hits and earned them a BRIT Award for best international band. A 126 show tour soon followed before the band took a four year hiatus.
In 1999, they reunited and released comeback album 'Crush' the following year. Single 'It's My Life' introduced their music to much younger fan following. They earned two Grammy nominations for Best Rock Album and Best Rock Performance by Duo/Group.
Two sold-out concerts at London's Wembley Stadium followed the album release and they were to be the last ever concerts held there before it was demolished.
Their first live album, 'One Wild Night Live 1985-2001', came out soon after and the band even performed at the Concert For New York at Madison Square Garden following the tragedy of the 9/11 attacks,
They released box set '100,000,000 Bon Jovi Fans Can't Be Wrong' in 2004 in tribute to Elvis Presley's similar '50,000,000 Elvis Fans Can't Be Wrong' to marked the sales of 100 million albums and celebrate their 20th anniversary.
In 2005, they released ninth album 'Have a Nice Day' and were inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame.
In 2009, Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora were inducted into Songwriters Hall of Fame.