MCVie was handed a lifetime achievement award at the 59th annual event, while Free Nelson Mandela hitmaker Dammers, dubbed "the Tsar of ska" by presenter Mick Jones, picked up the Inspiration Award.
Musician and producer Nile Rodgers enjoyed his second honour in as many days - he claimed the Ivors' International Award a day after old pal Simon Le Bon surprised the Chic star with the Legends Award at the International Music Summit (Ims) in Ibiza on Wednesday (21May14).
Jimmy Page handed the Outstanding Contribution prize to fellow British guitar great Jeff Beck, while Mumford & Sons walked away with the award for International Achievement, and Tom Odell was named Songwriter of the Year.
The ceremony was held at London's Grosvenor House Hotel in Park Lane.
The full list of winners at the Ivor Novello Awards is:
Most Performed Work - Let Her Go by Passenger
The Ivors Classical Music Award - John MCCabe
Best Television Soundtrack - Ripper Street by Dominik Scherrer
Best Contemporary Song - Retrograde by James Blake
International Achievement - Mumford & Sons
Best Original Film Score - The Epic Of Everest
The Ivors Inspiration Award - Jerry Dammers
Album Award - Push The Sky Away by Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds
Outstanding Contribution To British Music - Jeff Beck
Best Song Musically And Lyrically - Strong by London Grammar
Songwriter Of The Year - Tom Odell
Outstanding Song Collection - The Chemical Brothers
Lifetime Achievement - Christine MCVie
Special International Award - Nile Rodgers.