Published in 1956, Allen Ginsberg's poem Howl launched the Beat Generation with its mix of soulful yearning and rage at injustice. When the publisher (Rogers) faces charges that the poem is obscene, Ginsberg (Franco) refuses to attend the trial in San Francisco. And after hearing the lawyers (Strathairn and Hamm) and witnesses (Parker, Daniels, Nivola and Williams), the judge (Balaban) rules in favour of both artistic expression and freedom of the press.
Instead of telling this as a straightforward courtroom drama, Epstein and Friedman weave the trial into the fabric of the poem itself, crosscutting back to New York where Ginsberg is being interviewed about his life and his work (the directors claim that 98% of the words in the film come from court records, letters and interviews). As Ginsberg speaks, we see past veents in striking black and white, including significant friendships with Jack Kerouac (Rotondi), Neal Cassady (Prescott) and Peter Orlovsky (Tveit).
These scenes are also echoed in the poem. And while Franco performs it as a dramatic monologue, as originally intended, the screen is also filled with animation. Designed by Eric Drooker, who worked with Ginsberg on Illuminated Poems, these sequences are visually stunning, blending a variety of animation styles in an impressionistic, moving way.
It also helps to have an actor like Franco fully inhabiting Ginsberg from the gravelly voiced interview to the stylised flashbacks. It's a complex performance that balances beat poetry with wry humour and political controversy. And as all of this is skilfully edited together, what emerges is a remarkable look both at the man and his work, and also what makes his work so important more than 50 years later.
More broadly, the film takes a provocative, meaningful look at censorship, while pointedly noting that Ginsberg was never promoting homosexuality, he was fighting for honesty and frankness. Although it was his sexuality that caused him to look into his own "holy" soul. This is fiercely original cinema worthy of one of the 20th century's most fiercely original artists.
Run time: 84 mins
In Theaters: Friday 27th August 2010
Box Office USA: $0.6M
Box Office Worldwide: $617 thousand
Budget: $30 thousand
Distributed by: Oscilloscope Pictures
Contactmusic.com: 4.5 / 5
Rotten Tomatoes: 63%
Fresh: 64 Rotten: 38
IMDB: 6.8 / 10
Starring: James Franco as Allen Ginsberg, Jon Hamm as Jake Ehrlich, Mary-Louise Parker as Gail Potter, Treat Williams as Mark Schorer, Jeff Daniels as Professor David Kirk, David Strathairn as Ralph McIntosh, Alessandro Nivola as Luther Nichols, Aaron Tveit as Peter Orlovsky, Bob Balaban as Judge Clayton Horn, Allen Ginsberg as Himself, Sean Patrick Reilly as Six Gallery, Jon Prescott as Neal Cassady, Todd Rotondi as Jack Kerouac, Alex Emanuel as Six Gallery, Cecilia Foss as Beatnik Poet
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